Résumé du preprint Irfu-09-236

Involvement of hydrogen-vacancy complexes in the baking effect of niobium cavities
B. Visentin, M.F. Barthe, V. Moineau, P. Desgardin
Baking is necessary to improve high accelerating gradient performances of superconducting niobium cavities. Ten years after this discovery in 1998, the understanding of this effect still resists a lot of theoretical explanations. For the first time, Positron Annihilation Spectroscopy performed on niobium samples reveals the increase after baking of positrons trapped under the Nb surface. Presence of hydrogen-vacancy complexes and their dissociation by baking could both explain rf losses observed at high fields (Q-drop) and its cure (baking effect).