The IceCube Neutrino Observatory lies two kilometers deep within the ice at the South Pole, Antarctica. With one cubic kilometer of instrumented volume, IceCube enables the study of a wide range of phenomena, including neutrino astronomy, dark matter searches, neutrino oscillations, and cosmic ray physics. During the past year IceCube has announced the long-awaited discovery of high energy neutrinos from deep space. The neutrino energies are approximately 100 million times greater than the energies of neutrinos from the sun and supernovae. I will review what we currently know about this new flux, and what we hope to measure in the near future. I will also discuss other recent results including dark matter searches and measurements of neutrino oscillations. All of these results are strong motivation for the next generation of neutrino telescopes.