In extreme conditions, new nuclei are formed and new states of matter may appear. Neutrons and protons display different arrangements in nuclei that puzzle Dapnia physicists: what rules do they obey? Which models are best suited to describe the nucleus? What are the astrophysical implications?
last update : 02-07 00:00:00-2005 (545)
The atomic nucleus is a many-body quantum system of strongly interacting particles, the protons and neutrons. As a complete description of this system from first principles is not possible, mean-field and shell models are used to describe the nuclear structure. Advances come from a constant ... More »
Central collisions between heavy nuclei accelerated to ultrarelativistic energies are an ideal tool for investigating the behaviour of nuclear matter under extreme temperature and density conditions. The phase transition between ordinary nuclear matter and a new state referred to as quark-gluon ... More »