Résumé du preprint DAPNIA-05-448

Characterizing a new class of variability in GRS 1915+105 with simultaneous INTEGRAL/RXTE observations
D.C. Hannikainen, J. Rodriguez, O. Vilhu, L. Hjalmarsdotter, A.A. Zdziarski, T. Belloni, J. Poutanen, K. Wu, S.E. Shaw, V. Beckmann, R.W. Hunstead, G.G. Pooley, N.J. Westergaard, I.F. Mirabel, P. Hakala, A. Castro-Tirado, Ph. Durouchoux
We report on the analysis of 100 ks INTEGRAL observations of the Galactic microquasar GRS 1915+105. We focus on INTEGRAL Revolution number 48 when the source was found to exhibit a new type of variability as preliminarily reported in Hannikainen et al. (2003). The variability pattern, which we name $\\xi$, is characterized by a pulsing behaviour, consisting of a main pulse and a shorter, softer, and smaller amplitude precursor pulse, on a timescale of 5 minutes in the JEM-X 3-35 keV lightcurve. We also present simultaneous RXTE data. From a study of the individual RXTE/PCA pulse profiles we find that the rising phase is shorter and harder than the declining phase, which is opposite to what has been observed in other otherwise similar variability classes in this source. The position in the colour-colour diagram throughout the revolution corresponds to State A (Belloni et al. 2000) but not to any previously known variability class. We separated the INTEGRAL data into two subsets covering the maxima and minima of the pulses and fitted the resulting two broadband spectra with a hybrid thermal--non-thermal Comptonization model. The fits show the source to be in a soft state characterized by a strong disc component below ~6 keV and Comptonization by both thermal and non-thermal electrons at higher energies.


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