Résumé du preprint DAPNIA-06-46

Pomeron structure functions from HERA to Tevatron and LHC.
C. Royon, L. Schoeffel, R. Peschanski, E. Sauvan
The proton diffractive structure function FD(3)
2 measured in the H1 and ZEUS experiments at HERA are analysed in terms of 
perturbative QCD in the perspective of the QCD extrapolation to the Tevatron 
and the LHC. It is shown that both data sets can be well described by a QCD 
analysis in which point-like parton distributions, evolving according to the next-leading 
DGLAP equations, are assigned to the leading and sub-leading Regge exchanges. 
For present data from H1 and ZEUS the gluon distributions are found to be quite 
different and we give the corresponding sets of quark and gluon parton distributions 
for the Pomeron, extracted from the two experiments. An extrapolation to the Tevatron 
range is compared with CDF data on single diffraction. Conclusions on factorization 
breaking between HERA and Tevatron critically depend on whether H1 (strong violation) 
or ZEUS (compatibility at low ) fits are taken into account. Using the double Pomeron 
formulation in central diffractive dijet production we show that the Tevatron mass fraction 
is much sensitive to the high  tail of the gluon in the Pomeron, suggesting a new way of 
handling the otherwise badly known gluon distribution in the Pomeron. Extrapolation of the 
fits to very high Q2 are given since they will be relevant for QCD and diffraction studies at the LHC.


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