Pairing in nuclei at finite temperature and angular momentum
Nguyen Dinh Dang
Heavy-Ion Nuclear Physics Laboratory, Nishina Center, RIKEN and Institute for Nuclear Science and Technique, Hanoi
Mardi 20/05/2008, 11h00
Bat 703, p 45, CEA Saclay, Orme des Merisiers
In small systems such as nuclei, large thermal fluctuations smooth out the sharp transition from the superfluid phase to the normal one. I will present two microscopic approaches to thermal pairing in finite nuclei, which we recently proposed, namely the modified BCS (MBCS) and the BCS + self-consistent quasiparticle RPA (BCS+SCQRPA). Both of them show that the fluctuation of quasiparticle number is responsible for smoothing out the sharp superfluid-normal phase transition. This leads to a pairing gap, which does not collapse at a critical temperature predicted by the conventional BCS theory, but has a tail extended to high temperatures. By extending the BCS+SCQRPA to finite angular momentum, the appearance of a thermally assisted pairing in hot and rotating nuclei is also predicted.
As an application of the theory, I will show the role of thermal pairing on the damping of giant dipole resonances (GDR) in highly-excited nuclei, namely the pairing effect in lowering the width of GDR at temperatures below 1.5 MeV. The theoretical prediction is compared with the experimental data for the GDR widths in tin isotopes.