Vertical station


Tests of large magnet components (h ≤ 7.9 m, Φ ≤ 882 mm) at low temperature (in liquid helium or under vacuum, T ≥ 4.2 K).


Note that T = 4.2 K is the current temperature limit. Future tests performed in the framework of a LHC / CERN project (study of the Q4 quadripole) will require cooling down to T = 1.9 K.







Technical means

  • Power supply: 20 000 A, 5 V.


  • Vertical cryostat features :
    • Dimensions: maximal height under vacuum: h = 7.9m (of which 7 m at 80 K), useful diameter: Φ = 882 mm.
    • Vertical cryostat with nitrogen shield. One part of the internal volume can contain another fluid (liquid helium, for instance). If the component to be tested is small (h < 7m) and can be immersed in a low volume of liquid, one can use another cryostat with smaller dimensions (the height of the cryostat currently used is: h = 3 m).


  • As of today's date, the refrigerator is not available; tests are performed with liquid helium dewars. Different possibilities are currently explored to supply the station with liquid helium. The station could work in superfluid regime at 1.8 K by adding a pumping group.


  • Additional facilities :

The station is located under two cranes (m ≤ 10 t for the first one and m ≤ 50 t for the other one, hook height of h = 11 m).


Achievements, related projects

  • Compact Muon Solenoid (CMS) Detector in the framework of the LHC/CERN project: study of the flow distribution in a multitube thermosyphon,
  • Superconducting magnets for the KaTriN experiment,
  • Liquid helium circulator of the ATLAS detector barrel for the LHC/CERN project,
  • MGB2 magnet (ongoing project),
  • Q4 quadrupole for the LHC/CERN project (future project).

Technical steps, expertise

  • Set-up of a Magnet Safety System (MSS) and a Magnet Control System (MCS) adapted to the magnet to be tested,
  • Positioning of the magnet under the mounting plate, fluid, energy, diagnostic adjustment and junction,
  • Adjustment and tuning of measurement and security chains,
  • Positioning of the plate-magnet ensemble in the cryostat,
  • Connection of the measurement systems,
  • Check of the magnet behavior at high temperature and / or under vacuum,
  • Conditioning of the high intensity electric supply,
  • Cooling by transferring cryogenic fluid with monitoring of the parameters,
  • Implementation of the testing programme,
  • Warming up.


#755 - Last update : 07/21 2017


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