32 Result(s)

AGATA (Advanced GAmma Tracking Array) is a new generation gamma spectrometer after the Euroball and EXOGAM detectors.   Agata's official website: https://www.agata.org AGATA Web site at GANIL : https://www.ganil-spiral2.eu/scientists/ganil-spiral-2-facilities/instrumentation/agata/ Objectives. The AGATA project aimed to build a 4Pi gamma spectrometer entirely made of Germanium detectors.
The ALICE experiment is devoted to the study of nuclear matter under extreme conditions of temperature and density. It is specially designed to test the fundamental theory of the strong interaction, Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD), which predicts the existence of this new state of matter, the quark-gluon plasma (QGP). Objectives There are still some open question concerning the formation of our Universe.
 Overview Most of our current knowledge of the Universe comes from the observation of photons.  Photons have many advantages as cosmic information carriers: they are copiously produced, they are stable and electrically neutral, they are easy to detect over a wide energy range, and their spectrum carries detailed information about the chemical and physical properties of the source.
Atlas is one of the general purpose detectors which started operation in 2008 at the the CERN proton collider, to study the Higgs boson. Goals: Unifying the elementary constituants of matter and their interactions. Atlas is one of the two general purpose detectors installed at the LHC which started operation in 2008. Atlas brings experimental physics into new territory. Discovering new processes and particles that change our understanding of energy and matter would be most exciting.
CASSINI-CIRS An infrared spectrometer of the CASSINI probe The Composite InfraRed Spectrometer (CIRS for "Composite InfraRed Spectrometer") is one of the instruments on board the Cassini probe. The Cassini probe was inserted in orbit around Saturn on July 2004, six and half years after its launch.
Physics case  The overall picture of particle physics, the so-called Standard Model, has been recently probed by the discovery at CERN of the Higgs particle; it is consistent with the existence of three neutrinos. Oscillations between these neutrinos has been observed in many experiments  and are already a compelling evidence of new physics beyond the Standard Model.
The CHyMENE project (Cible d'Hydrogène Mince pour l'Etude des Noyaux Exotiques - a thin cryogenic target for the studies of exotic nuclei) is part of the instrumentation necessary for the exploitation of the low energy beams (~ 5 to 25 MeV/n), such as SPIRAL2 beams. The aim is to develop a thin cryogenic target of pure hydrogen (H2 or D2), the characteristics of which will be well adapted to the conditions of future direct reaction experiments.
CMS
CMS is the detector of one of the 2 multi-purpose experiments out of the 4 experiments located at the LHC at CERN near Geneva. CMS is installed at point 5 in Cessy.    Main goals : During the last decades, research in particle physics has made tremendous progress and succeeded in validating the theoretical framework called “Standard Model”.
D0
Presentation The D0 experiment was located at the proton-antiproton Tevatron collider at  the Fermilab laboratory (Chicago, USA). There was two data taking periods: Run I from 1992 to 1996 with a center of mass energy of 1.8 TeV, and Run II from 2001 to 2011 with a center of mass energy of 1.96 TeV. Before the advent of the LHC, the Tevatron was the most energetic collider in the world and the only collider where the top quark as well as possibly a Higgs boson could be produced.
Scientific goals :   Neutrinos are elementary particles produced abundantly in stars, in the Earth's atmosphere and in the cores of nuclear power plants. In 2006 CEA/IRFU and CNRS/IN2P3 have decided to officially launch the construction of the Double Chooz experiment. Two identical detectors are to be installed near the Chooz nuclear power plant, in the French Ardennes, at different distances from the reactors.
Objectives   The goal of Edelweiss is to detect the dark matter of our Galaxy through its interactions in detectors operated in underground laboratory. The EROS experiment, searching for massive compact objects in our galaxy, showed that at most 7 % of our local missing mass could be accounted for by such objects, that is by ordinary matter.
Analyser le rôle du numérique dans la construction, la diffusion et l'enseignement des connaissances en astrophysique. Analyzing the digital technologies uses to make, spread and teach astrophysics knowledge.
Projet de recherche sur les processus d'innovation dans la conception et la concrétisation des « grands instruments », tels que les observatoires spatiaux. Research project about innovation process of concepting and shaping big instruments such as space telescope.
Observatoire de la NASA dédié à l'étude du rayonnement gamma de haute énergie émis par les objets célestes. NASA space telescope studying high energy gamma-ray from space objects.  
Studying the Sun's internal structure using the measurement of its oscillation modes.  
Global Oscillations at Low Frequencies   Etude de la structure interne du Soleil Study of the internal structure of the Sun   GOLF instrument on board the SoHO spacecraft.   SOHO website at NASA.
H.E.S.S.   Exploring the High Energy gamma ray sky H.E.S.S   stands for "High Energy Stereoscopic System". This telescope system been designed and built by a large international collaboration which includes the DAPNIA as a member. This instrument is dedicated to the observation of high energy gamma ray sources with energies above a few tens of GeV.
Mission de l'Agence Spatiale Européenne pour l’exploration du ciel dans la gamme des photons gamma de basse énergie. ESA mission to explore the low energy gamma-ray sky.
Tester le modèle Lambda matière noire froide pour l'évolution de la matière noire dans les amas de galaxies. Testing the Lambda-CDM model for the formation of collapsed structures.
Scientific Issues and Project Framework The MINOS project aims at performing the spectroscopy of very exotic nuclei produced by fragmentation at the radioactive ion beam facilities such as RIKEN or GSI / FAIR. The structure of the targeted atomic nuclei should allow us to bring strong constraints on the nuclear interaction acting between nucleons in the nucleus.
A new segmented silicon-array called MUSETT has been built for the study of heavy elements using the Recoil-Decay-Tagging technique. MUSETT is located at the focal plane of the VAMOS spectrometer at GANIL and is used in conjunction with a gamma-ray array at the target position. This device consists of four 10x10 cm2 Si detectors each, to obtain a total detection area of  40 x 10 cm2.  
Program: Nuclear matter in extreme states /Nuclear structure /  exotic nuclei Objectives The goals of this experimental program is to study the structure of unstable short-lived very-neutron-rich or neutron-deficient nuclei. These nuclei far from the valley of stability are chosen for the (expected) unusual properties: neutron halo, neutron-skin, new shell effects compared to what is known for stable nuclei or close to the stability.
Goal This activity is focused on the study of neutron-induced reactions for nuclear astrophysics (stellar and big bang nucleosynthesis), for nuclear structure (levels density) and for nuclear technologies (current and innovative nuclear reactors, transmutation of nuclear wastes). This program contributes to national and international efforts aiming at nuclear data improvement.
Observatoire spatial de mesure des paramètres du modèle standard ou « modèle du Big Bang ». Space telescope measuring the Big Bang model parameters.
Créer des plasmas à haute température à partir de l'énergie des faisceaux lasers. Making high temperature plasmas using laser energy.
Irfu is part of the ScanPyramids mission aiming to "scan" the great pyramids of Egypt and in particular the pyramid of Cheops. Created in 2015 under the authority of the Egyptian Ministry of Antiquities, the project combines various non-invasive and non-destructive techniques in an attempt to reveal the presence of little-known internal structures in ancient monuments and to better understand both their design and construction.
SNLS aimed at detecting type Ia supernovae at high redshift for cosmological studies. It belongs to the second generation of experiments in that field, launched after the unexpected discovery of the late acceleration of the Universe expansion rate by the first programs of type Ia supernovae at the end of the1990s. SNLS used the Canada-France-Hawaii telescope (CFHT) of 3.6 m located on the Mauna Kea mountain in Hawaii. It was equipped with MegaCam, the large field CCD camera designed and built at Irfu.
T2K
T2K (Tokai to Kamioka) is the world leading experiment dedicated to the study of neutrino oscillations over a long distance using µ-neutrino and µ-anti-neutrino beams.   Neutrinos exist in three different types (called 'flavours'): νe, νμ and ντ. In the last fifteen to twenty years, several experiments have proven that neutrinos undergo a quantum mechanical phenomenon called 'oscillation', where neutrinos oscillate from one type to another.
  Camera infrarouge installée sur le Very Large Telescope au Chili.  Infrared camera based on the VLT in Chili.
VISIR   The mid-Infrared instrument of the ESO VLT program VISIR is the mid-infrared instrument installed in 2004 at the Cassegrain focus of MELIPAL, one of the four 8-meter telescopes of the European Very Large Telescopes program.
  XMM-Newton     An observatory to detect cosmic X-ray radiation   The XMM-Newton observatory (XMM stands for X-ray Multi-Mirror) is a telescope of the European Space Agency (ESA) dedicated to studying the X-ray cosmic radiation. Launched on December 10th, 1999 by an Ariane 5 rocket, XMM-Newton measures 10 m of length, 16 m large, for 4 m of diameter and weigh approximately 3,8 tons.
Programme d’observation extragalactique de la mission spatiale XMM Newton.  Extragalactic observation program of the space mission XMM Newton.

 

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