103 Result(s)

AGATA (Advanced Gamma-ray Tracking Array) is a new generation high-resolution γ-ray spectrometer providing unprecedented Doppler-correction capabilities thanks to a combination of fine detector segmentation, efficient pulse-shape analysis algorithms, and implementation of an innovative γ-ray tracking concept.  
The ALICE experiment is devoted to the study of nuclear matter under extreme conditions of temperature and density. It is specially designed to test the fundamental theory of the strong interaction, Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD), which predicts the existence of this new state of matter, the quark-gluon plasma (QGP). Objectives There are still some open question concerning the formation of our Universe.
 Overview Most of our current knowledge of the Universe comes from the observation of photons.  Photons have many advantages as cosmic information carriers: they are copiously produced, they are stable and electrically neutral, they are easy to detect over a wide energy range, and their spectrum carries detailed information about the chemical and physical properties of the source.
Comprendre le système climatique de titan avec l'utilisation d'un modèle 3D général de circulation. Understanding Titan's climate using a 3D model.
Télescope de l'Agence Spatiale Européenne (ESA) dédié à l'observation dans l'infrarouge des exoplanètes. ESA space telescope for extra solar planets infrared observation.
ArTéMiS est une caméra dédiée à la recherche en astrophysique dans le domaine submillimétrique.   Elle est installée sur le télescope APEX, dans le désert d’Atacama au Chili, à 5100 m d’altitude.   ArTéMiS est le seul instrument imageur disponible pour ces longueurs d’onde (observations simultanées à 350 et 450 microns) dans l’hémisphère sud.
Latest news : Artemis installed on APEX (25 sept. 2013)   The Artemis camera has been successfully installed on APEX telescope during the summer 2013. The new camera has already delivered a spectacularly detailed view of the Cat’s Paw Nebula.   APEX telescope at 5100 m on Llano Chajnantor in Chile (Credit ESO).     The commissioning team that installed ArTeMIS had to battle against extreme weather conditions to complete the task.
Un satellite pour l'étude de l’univers chaud et énergétique. Lancement prévu pour 2031. A satellite to study hot and energetic universe to be launched in 2031.  
Atlas is one of the general purpose detectors which started operation in 2008 at the the CERN proton collider, to study the Higgs boson. Goals: Unifying the elementary constituants of matter and their interactions. Atlas is one of the two general purpose detectors installed at the LHC which started operation in 2008. Atlas brings experimental physics into new territory. Discovering new processes and particles that change our understanding of energy and matter would be most exciting.
Goal The main goal of the experiment was to perform a complete study of CP violation (CP is the symmetry linking particules and antiparticules) in the system of B mesons. More generally the experiment studied the physics of heavy flavors: mesons and baryons with a b or a c quark and tau leptons.
Most of the content of the Universe, about 70%, is dominated by an energetic component that is neither matter nor radiation: dark energy. This mysterious component, first observed in 1998 with supernovae, revolutionized our vision of the evolution of the Universe and is one of the major discoveries of the end of the 20th century.  A characteristic scale of about 500 million light-years, acting as a "standard meter", is present in the distribution of matter on a cosmic scale.
Project context The BTD project was developed in the framework of experiments aiming at the spectroscopy studies of radioactive nuclei using gamma-radiation and light particles in GANIL, mainly with SPIRAL and then SPIRAL2 beams. The purpose of these experiments is to study the structure of exotic nuclei in order to better understand the interactions that bind protons and neutrons and their reactions to different excitation modes (temperature, spin...).
Positron emission tomography (PET) is a powerful nuclear imaging technique used widely nowadays in oncology, cardiology and neuropsychiatry. The PET technology consists in injecting the patient with a radioactive tracer, of interest to probe a biochemical process. The decay of the tracer emits a positron which annihilate with an electron. As a result of the annihilation, two photons with energy 511 keV are emitted back-to-back and registered by the dedicated detectors.
CASSINI-CIRS An infrared spectrometer of the CASSINI probe The Composite InfraRed Spectrometer (CIRS for "Composite InfraRed Spectrometer") is one of the instruments on board the Cassini probe. The Cassini probe was inserted in orbit around Saturn on July 2004, six and half years after its launch.
Physics case  The overall picture of particle physics, the so-called Standard Model, has been recently probed by the discovery at CERN of the Higgs particle; it is consistent with the existence of three neutrinos. Oscillations between these neutrinos has been observed in many experiments  and are already a compelling evidence of new physics beyond the Standard Model.
Étude des binaires X et de leur comportement multi-longueur d'onde sur différentes échelles de temps.  Studying the multi-wavelenght behavior of the X-ray binaries on multiple time scales.
The CHyMENE project (Cible d'Hydrogène Mince pour l'Etude des Noyaux Exotiques - a thin cryogenic target for the studies of exotic nuclei) is part of the instrumentation necessary for the exploitation of the low energy beams (~ 5 to 25 MeV/n), such as SPIRAL2 beams. The aim is to develop a thin cryogenic target of pure hydrogen (H2 or D2), the characteristics of which will be well adapted to the conditions of future direct reaction experiments.
Deeply Virtual Compton Scattering experiment at  Jefferson Lab Hall B , with CLAS12, large acceptance spectrometer. Goals: Theoretical concepts as Generalized Parton Distributions (GPD), enable to probe with a dramatic accuracy the nucleon structure, and access the quark confinement in hadrons.
Objectives The scientific exploitation of the LHC (Large Hadron Collider), planned to start operation in 2008 will be the higher priority in high energy physics for the next coming years. In the following step new large instruments will be required to reach a fine characterization of LHC discoveries, and analyse new phenomena around the TeV scale. The energy required (probably a few TeV), will be precised by the first results of the LHC, i.e. about 2010.
CMS is the detector of one of the 2 multi-purpose experiments out of the 4 experiments located at the LHC at CERN near Geneva. CMS is installed at point 5 in Cessy.    Main goals : During the last decades, research in particle physics has made tremendous progress and succeeded in validating the theoretical framework called “Standard Model”.
Simulation numérique en astrophysique spécialisé dans l’activité de "calcul de haute performance". Astrophysics digital simulation for "high performance computing".   
 Web site of the COAST project  Presentation          The COAST project is a DAPNIA program of high performances computing in astrophysics. It includes developments of codes, numerical methods, visualization tools, distributed databases, optimization and parallelization methods.
A new generation observatory to explore the high energy Universe. Une nouvelle génération d'observatoire pour explorer l'Univers à haute énergie.
Presentation The D0 experiment was located at the proton-antiproton Tevatron collider at  the Fermilab laboratory (Chicago, USA). There was two data taking periods: Run I from 1992 to 1996 with a center of mass energy of 1.8 TeV, and Run II from 2001 to 2011 with a center of mass energy of 1.96 TeV. Before the advent of the LHC, the Tevatron was the most energetic collider in the world and the only collider where the top quark as well as possibly a Higgs boson could be produced.
FELICE (acronym for "Future Electron LInear Collider Experiment") is a group of physicists and engineers working for the physics and detectors at the ILC (International Linear Collider). An electron-positron linear collider, with a centre-of-mass energy up to 1 TeV, has been chosen by a majority of physicists worldwide as the big project in High Energy Physics, after the commissioning of the LHC at CERN.
"The ISM in Low Metallicity Environments: Bridging the Gap Between Local Universe and Primordial Galaxies"   The Herschel Dwarf Galaxy Survey is a Guaranteed Time Key Program led by Suzanne Madden.
Scientific goals :   Neutrinos are elementary particles produced abundantly in stars, in the Earth's atmosphere and in the cores of nuclear power plants. In 2006 CEA/IRFU and CNRS/IN2P3 have decided to officially launch the construction of the Double Chooz experiment. Two identical detectors are to be installed near the Chooz nuclear power plant, in the French Ardennes, at different distances from the reactors.
Objectives   The goal of Edelweiss is to detect the dark matter of our Galaxy through its interactions in detectors operated in underground laboratory. The EROS experiment, searching for massive compact objects in our galaxy, showed that at most 7 % of our local missing mass could be accounted for by such objects, that is by ordinary matter.
Spectro-imageur dans l'infrarouge au foyer du télescope géant ELT. Infrared spectral imager made to be installed in the ELT.
Analyser le rôle du numérique dans la construction, la diffusion et l'enseignement des connaissances en astrophysique. Analyzing the digital technologies uses to make, spread and teach astrophysics knowledge.
The linear accelerator includes a low-energy section (E≤ 90MeV) with a Radio Frequency Quadrupole (RFQ), a Drift Tube Linac (DTL), and a high-energy section made up of superconducting cavities that are designed to accelerate protons up to 2 GeV. Superconducting cavities can be divided into three categories. The first consists of spoke cavities, operating at 352 MHz and optimized for proton beams at half the speed of light (β= v/c = 0.50), with energies between 90 MeV and 216 MeV.
Caractérisation des dunes EXtra-terrestres de Mars et Titan. Characterising extra-terrestrial dunes on Mars and Titan.  
Tools development to characterize exoplanets’ atmospheres  
Projet de recherche sur les processus d'innovation dans la conception et la concrétisation des « grands instruments », tels que les observatoires spatiaux. Research project about innovation process of concepting and shaping big instruments such as space telescope.
Observatoire de la NASA dédié à l'étude du rayonnement gamma de haute énergie émis par les objets célestes. NASA space telescope studying high energy gamma-ray from space objects.  
FERMI-GLAST   GLAST successfully launched on 11th June, 2008 : see Actualités The GLAST telescope was renamed the FERMI telescope after its launch on August 26th, 2008 as a tribute to the famous Italian physicist. Fermi : the Gamma-ray Large Area Space Telescope Fermi is a NASA observatory dedicated to the study of gamma rays in the energy band between 20 MeV and 300 GeV.
This experiment aims to provide accurate data on actinide neutron-induced fission fragment characteristics (mass distributions, kinetic energy) and neutron multiplicities in the energy range between 500 keV and 20 MeV. Those data are of particular interest for the nuclear community in view of the development of the fast reactor technology. For thermal neutron energies, a lot of fission reaction data are available. Some of them are still partial or suffer from insufficient accuracy.
Objectives While the heaviest element on earth is 238-uranium (with traces of Pu and Np in natural nuclear reactors) whose lifetime is 5 billion years, the last 60 years have seen the synthesis of dozens of new elements in laboratory, with shorter lifetimes. In 2007, The heaviest elements which has been named is the Darmstadtium, with 111 protons. Z=112 has also been claimed, as well as Z=113 from a japanese team.
Résoudre la formation des galaxies : de la physique à petite échelle dans le contexte cosmologique Understanding galaxies formation: small-scale physics for cosmology.
Aims: One of the fundamental questions of today’s physics concerns the action of gravity upon antimatter. No experimental direct measurement has ever been successfully performed with antimatter particles. CERN has thus launched a research program with the Antiproton Decelerator (AD) allowing to prepare a measurement of the effect of gravity on antihydrogen atoms. The primary aim of this experiment is to determine how antimatter reacts to gravity.
Studying the Sun's internal structure using the measurement of its oscillation modes.  
Global Oscillations at Low Frequencies   Etude de la structure interne du Soleil Study of the internal structure of the Sun   GOLF instrument on board the SoHO spacecraft.   SOHO website at NASA.
Hadron electromagnetic form factors parametrize the internal structure of hadrons, the dynamical distribution of magnetization and charge created by the inner constituents.  They are considered fundamental quantities as they are a privileged background for interplay between theory and experiment.
Herschel An Infrared and Sub-millimetre Observatory The Herschel telescope is a scientific space mission developed by the European Space Agency (ESA) dedicated to observing the Universe in the infrared and sub-millimetre ranges (wavelengths between 60 et 670 µm), a window of the electromagnetic spectrum that is still largely unexplored. It measures 9 m in length, 4 m in diameter and will weigh over 3 metric tons upon launch.
H.E.S.S.   Exploring the High Energy gamma ray sky H.E.S.S   stands for "High Energy Stereoscopic System". This telescope system been designed and built by a large international collaboration which includes the DAPNIA as a member. This instrument is dedicated to the observation of high energy gamma ray sources with energies above a few tens of GeV.
La mission spatiale ASTRO-H est un observatoire X et gamma de nouvelle génération The ASTRO-H mission is a new generation observatory for x-ray and gamma-ray.
Etudier la dynamique d'interfaces dans les équations d'évolution. Studying interface dynamics in the evolution equations.
Mission de l'Agence Spatiale Européenne pour l’exploration du ciel dans la gamme des photons gamma de basse énergie. ESA mission to explore the low energy gamma-ray sky.
The technique of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a diagnostic tool for research and neuroscience. Its evolution led to instruments for whole body operating at very high field from 0.5 to 1.5 tesla for medical examinations and 3 to 5 tesla for research instruments. Objectives Neurospin project aims to develop a centre with 4 MRI systems: o Clinic Research : MRI 3T and 7T (Siemens) o Pre Clinic Research : MRI 17T, small aperture (Bruker) o Clinic Research : MRI 11.
 Objective The objective of the ITER (« way » in latine) project is to go through the steps still necessary to enable the construction of a prototype producing electricity through nuclear fusion in the years 2050's.    Context  Research activities in the field of fusion:     Started in 1958, the fusion activity in France has been boosted with the construction and the operation of the Tore-Supra tokamak, built in Cadarache between 1983 and 1988.
The James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) launched on 25 December 2021 is the successor of the Hubble Space Telescope. This is a NASA led mission with the participation of Europe, under the responsibility of the European Space Agency (ESA), and of Canada through the Canadian Space Agency (CSA). The telescope has a collecting area 7 times larger than that of the HST and is dedicated to observe the Universe in the infrared radiation (from 1 to 27 micrometers).
Analyse de la dynamique stellaire (rotation) par l’asteroseismologie Stellar dymanics analysis using asteroseismology.     Pour les détails sur la mission KEPLER, voir le site Kepler-NASA For details on the KEPLER mission, see the Kepler-NASA website
La nature de ces nouvelles fonctions     Des progrès théoriques importants survenus dans les cinq dernières années permettent d'étendre considérablement la notion de distributions de partons dans un nucléon ou un méson.
Neutrinoless double beta decay is a very rare nuclear transition, whose existence can provide essential information about neutrino properties like the hierarchy and the absolute mass scale. If observed, this process will prove that the lepton number conservation law can be violated and that we need to extend the Standard Model.
Tester le modèle Lambda matière noire froide pour l'évolution de la matière noire dans les amas de galaxies. Testing the Lambda-CDM model for the formation of collapsed structures.
Ttitle of ERC project : Exploding stars from first principles: MAGnetars as engines of hypernovae and gamma-ray BURSTs PI : Jérôme Guilet    
Du milieu interstellaire diffus aux étoiles.  From diffused interstellar medium to stars.   Comprendre la formation des étoiles reste l'un des plus grands défis de l'astronomie moderne.
Title of ERC projec: Interpreting Dust Polarization Maps to Characterize the Role of the Magnetic Field in Star Formation Processes PI: Anaelle Maury
MATLAS étudie les galaxies précoces et leurs relations d'échelle.  MATLAS studies the Early-Type Galaxies and their scale relations.
  Megacam   MegaCam A major instrument at the CFHT observatory (Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope) The MegaCam camera was developed for the prime focus of the 3.6m diameter Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope (CFHT), on the summit of the Mauna Kea volcano, at an altitude of 4200m on the Big Island of Hawaii (USA).
  Objectives: Megapie (Megawatt pilot experiment) is an international project having as objectives to design, build, test and decomission the first lead-bismuth liquid spallation target functioning under 1 MW deposited power. This target is used as neutron source. Neutrons are produced by the interaction of high intensity proton beam (590 MeV of energy) on the target.
Objectives: The objective of the Mini-INCA project is to study minor-actinide transmutation processes in high intensity thermal neutron fluxes, in view of proposing solutions to reduce the radiotoxicity of long-lived nuclear wastes. The fission process is the best way to reduce radiotoxicity and also to use the total amount of energy contain within heavy nuclei.
Scientific Issues and Project Framework The MINOS project aims at performing the spectroscopy of very exotic nuclei produced by fragmentation at the radioactive ion beam facilities such as RIKEN or GSI / FAIR. The structure of the targeted atomic nuclei should allow us to bring strong constraints on the nuclear interaction acting between nucleons in the nucleus.
Contraintes morphologiques et multi-longueurs d'onde sur la croissance parallèle des galaxies et de leurs trous noirs super-massifs. Morphological and multi-wavelength constraints on the coeval growth of galaxies and their supermassive black holes.
Etude multi-échelle de l'évolution des structures de l'Univers. Multi-scale study of the evolution of structures in the Universe. 
A new segmented silicon-array called MUSETT has been built for the study of heavy elements using the Recoil-Decay-Tagging technique. MUSETT is located at the focal plane of the VAMOS spectrometer at GANIL and is used in conjunction with a gamma-ray array at the target position. This device consists of four 10x10 cm2 Si detectors each, to obtain a total detection area of  40 x 10 cm2.  
Program: Nuclear matter in extreme states /Nuclear structure /  exotic nuclei Objectives The goals of this experimental program is to study the structure of unstable short-lived very-neutron-rich or neutron-deficient nuclei. These nuclei far from the valley of stability are chosen for the (expected) unusual properties: neutron halo, neutron-skin, new shell effects compared to what is known for stable nuclei or close to the stability.
NIKA (New IRAM KID Arrays): une camera continuum pour l'astronomie millimétrique. Continuum camera for milimetrical astronomy.
Goal This activity is focused on the study of neutron-induced reactions for nuclear astrophysics (stellar and big bang nucleosynthesis), for nuclear structure (levels density) and for nuclear technologies (current and innovative nuclear reactors, transmutation of nuclear wastes). This program contributes to national and international efforts aiming at nuclear data improvement.
Thèmes-programmes: Thématique et contexte du projet In parallel with the experimental activities of the MNM group at DAPNIA/SPhN some fundamental and applied modelling takes place to simulate innovative nuclear systems for nuclear waste transmutation, intensive neutron sources based on spallation and photonuclear reactions, radioactive nuclear beam production scenarios, dismantling of nuclear installations, etc.
Améliorer la connaissance de l’interaction photons - plasmas dans le domaine X et XUV. Studying the photon-plasma interactions in the X-ray and XUV-ray.
Étudier la formation des étoiles en confrontant simulations numériques et observations. Confronting star formation studies with space observations and computer simulations. 
The PEBBLES project consists of developing an innovative methodology to characterise the properties of dust around very young stars in the process of forming their proto-planetary disks. Dust is one of the key elements in the physical processes regulating the formation of stars and their planetary systems, but recent observations are overturning the models used until now to describe its evolution from submicron grains to pebbles.
Simulations numériques de disques protoplanétaires, préparer le terrain pour la formation planétaire.  Protoplanetart disks digital simulations, studying planety formation.
The PHENIX experiment is one of the two large experiments located on the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) at the Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), in Long Island, United States.
Mesurer l’émission polarisée des grains de poussière du milieu interstellaire. Measuring polarized emission of dust particles in interstellar medium.
Observatoire spatial de mesure des paramètres du modèle standard ou « modèle du Big Bang ». Space telescope measuring the Big Bang model parameters.
Créer des plasmas à haute température à partir de l'énergie des faisceaux lasers. Making high temperature plasmas using laser energy.
A space observatory developed by ESA for the characterization of exo-planetary systems launched in late 2026. ESA stellar exo-planet system characterization to be launched at the end of 2026.  
Basic principle of a Solar Concentrator with Rotating Photons Optical Fibers   Coming from fundamental research on solar neutrino, the Solar Quantum Concentrator( CSQ) is a future low-cost and high efficiency solution for photovoltaic solar energy. CSQ is made of a carpet bundle of Rotating Photon Optical Fibers (FORP)  trapping, converting and guiding solar light towards a photovoltaic cell. A small ribbon of photovoltaic cell is put on the perimeter of the fiber carpet.
Goals of the experiment    The R3B experiment is part of the FAIR project (Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research, http://www.gsi.de/fair) to be built at GSI (Darmstadt, Germany). The FAIR project gathers different physics around a common facility: exotic nuclei at low and high energy, hadronic physics with proton – antiproton collisions, relativistic heavy-ion collisions (a few 10 GeV per nucleon), plasma physics and atomic physics.
The future superconducting linear accelerator of Spiral2 will provide very high intensity of stable ions beams. They can be used to produce nuclei with very low cross sections, like superheavy elements or neutron deficient nuclei close to the limit of stability. S3 has been designed to handle these intense beams and select the rare nuclei of interest among the majority of contaminants, to identify and study them.
Irfu is part of the ScanPyramids mission aiming to "scan" the great pyramids of Egypt and in particular the pyramid of Cheops. Created in 2015 under the authority of the Egyptian Ministry of Antiquities, the project combines various non-invasive and non-destructive techniques in an attempt to reveal the presence of little-known internal structures in ancient monuments and to better understand both their design and construction.
  Simbol-X   A new generation space telescope for high-energy astrophysics The Simbol-X project is a new generation high energy telescope operating in the 0.5 to 80 keV energy range, using in all this domain the principle of a telescope, i.e. the concentration of the radiation on a small sensitive surface (the eye, a photographic plate, a CCD camera, etc.).
The high-intensity stable beams of the superconducting linear accelerator of the SPIRAL2 facility at GANIL coupled with the Super Separator Spectrometer (S3) and a high-performance focal-plane spectrometer will open new horizons for the research in the domains of rare nuclei and low cross-section phenomena at the limit of nuclear stability.
Élucider le mécanisme d'explosion des étoiles massives, et caractériser les conditions de naissance des étoiles à neutrons et des trous noirs. Studying massive star explosions and neutron stars and blackholes formation. 
SNLS aimed at detecting type Ia supernovae at high redshift for cosmological studies. It belongs to the second generation of experiments in that field, launched after the unexpected discovery of the late acceleration of the Universe expansion rate by the first programs of type Ia supernovae at the end of the1990s. SNLS used the Canada-France-Hawaii telescope (CFHT) of 3.6 m located on the Mauna Kea mountain in Hawaii. It was equipped with MegaCam, the large field CCD camera designed and built at Irfu.
The objective of the Solar Orbiter mission is to understand the Sun's influence on the heliosphere (its magnetic cocoon), in order to understand how our star influences our solar system.
Développer un outil de prédiction fiable de l’activité du Soleil et des éruptions majeures à sa surface. Developing a reliable tool to predict Sun activity and its major surface eruptions.
Presentation of the project Physics & programmes Spallation reaction study, physics data for nuclear energy Goals of the experiment The measurement in coincidence and in inverse kinematics of the spallation (A+p at 1 GeV per nucleon) reaction in order to study in detail the reaction mechanism.
NASA's Spitzer space telescope, JWST's predecessor, was a very successful mission, observing in particular the spectra of several tens of thousands of sources at wavelengths ranging from around 5µm to 38µm. These observations complement JWST/MIRI data for long-wavelength diagnostics, and provide valuable diagnostics in conjunction with JWST or in preparation for future infrared missions.
Studying rotation dynamics of magnetic stars and their interaction with their planet system. SPIRE - Stars: dynamical Processes driving tidal Interactions, Rotation and Evolution Projet ERC (European Research Council) # 647383 Porteur CEA : S. Mathis
Comprendre la formation stellaire dans les galaxies avec les observations de Herschel. Understanding star formation in galaxies using Herschel observations.
Etudier la structure du Milieu Interstellaire Local par inversion. Studying the local interstellar medium. Stilism est un projet ANR qui a démarré en décembre 2012 pour d’une durée de 48 mois. Stilism, pour Structure du Milieu Interstellaire Local par Inversion, a pour but d’étudier le milieu interstellaire, milieu extrêmement dilué composé de gaz et de poussières réparti dans tout l’Univers.
A mission dedicated to the study of gamma ray bursts The SVOM Mission (Space based multi-band astronomical Variable Objects Monitor) is a chinese and french project dedicated to the detection and detailed study of GRBs. The launch of the satellite is planned for the beginning of the next decade.
Etudier l'interaction des étoiles massives avec leur environnement. Studying massive stars in their environment. 
T2K (Tokai to Kamioka) is the world leading experiment dedicated to the study of neutrino oscillations over a long distance using µ-neutrino and µ-anti-neutrino beams.   Neutrinos exist in three different types (called 'flavours'): νe, νμ and ντ. In the last fifteen to twenty years, several experiments have proven that neutrinos undergo a quantum mechanical phenomenon called 'oscillation', where neutrinos oscillate from one type to another.
Concept de télescope déployable pour l'observation dans l'infrarouge lointain. Concept of a deployable telescope for far-infrared observation. 
  Camera infrarouge installée sur le Very Large Telescope au Chili.  Infrared camera based on the VLT in Chili.
VISIR   The mid-Infrared instrument of the ESO VLT program VISIR is the mid-infrared instrument installed in 2004 at the Cassegrain focus of MELIPAL, one of the four 8-meter telescopes of the European Very Large Telescopes program.
Understanding the physical mechanisms underlying the eruptive activity of the Sun and its stellar twins
  XMM-Newton     An observatory to detect cosmic X-ray radiation   The XMM-Newton observatory (XMM stands for X-ray Multi-Mirror) is a telescope of the European Space Agency (ESA) dedicated to studying the X-ray cosmic radiation. Launched on December 10th, 1999 by an Ariane 5 rocket, XMM-Newton measures 10 m of length, 16 m large, for 4 m of diameter and weigh approximately 3,8 tons.
          Programme d’observation extragalactique de la mission spatiale XMM Newton.  - Extragalactic observation program of the space mission XMM Newton.            


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